Stubble-burning in Punjab: Farmers hesitant to undertake alternate options

Stubble-burning in Punjab: Farmers hesitant to undertake alternate options



Tribune Information Service

Manav Mander

Ludhiana, October 26

The problem of stubble-burning continues to be a trigger for concern for the Punjab Authorities.

Regardless that Punjab Agricultural College (PAU), Ludhiana, has developed numerous strategies to unravel the issue of stubble-burning, these haven’t been adopted by farmers on a big scale.

Causes reminiscent of lack of understanding and funds, and reluctance to undertake environment-friendly strategies are mentioned to be the primary causes of burning stubble.

No rapid returns

The principle motive why farmers don’t wish to use the ‘comfortable seeder’ is as a result of it requires extra diesel, effort and time. Farmers get no rapid returns after adoption of this know-how. The returns are seen in 3-4 years. — Lakhwinder Singh, progressive farmer

Among the many many alternate options provided by PAU, ‘comfortable seeder’ is one. It helps in sowing wheat within the standing paddy stubble and enhance soil fertility by incorporation of natural matter into the soil.

Many farmers are already making use of this method, however mass acceptance of the choice stays to be seen.

“The principle motive why farmers don’t wish to use the ‘comfortable seeder’ is as a result of it requires extra diesel, time and efforts. Farmers get no rapid returns after adoption of this know-how. Farmers are of the opinion that they’d lose cash on the identical, which they aren’t in favour of. The returns of the know-how are seen in three to 4 years,” mentioned Lakhwinder Singh, a progressive farmer from Hoshiarpur. He has been utilizing the know-how for 5 years.

Apart from the ‘comfortable seeder’, straw baler was additionally launched to farmers to bind the straw and provide the identical to small biomass energy vegetation and for co-generation of energy by sugar by the sugar mills. However to undertake this methodology efficiently, farmers want a large-scale sugar mill close by, the place they’ll dispose the stubble conveniently.

The non-availability of large-scale sugar mills close by farms is a significant hindrance as farmers usually are not able to journey lengthy distances to dispose the straw at sugar mills.

One other method developed by PAU is straw administration system (SMS). The system is put in on the self-operated mix.

The SMS devise cuts the leftover straw from paddy harvesting into small items and unfold it uniformly within the area. This straw could be ploughed again and even left as it’s for sowing of wheat utilizing the ‘comfortable seeder’.

“The foremost hiccup in adopting the SMS know-how is the price issue. The gadget will value the farmer an extra Rs 1.5 lakh in addition to the mix. The diesel consumption will go up by 20 per cent because it takes an hour to cowl one hectare. Labour may even cost extra as extra time might be consumed,” mentioned Balwant Singh, a farmer from Mansa district.

Apart from these three alternate options, there are machines reminiscent of balers, choppers and mulchers, which compress the straw or incorporate it into the sector.





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